On the territory of the National park Fruška Gora in Srem, or to be precise- very close to it,
we organically grow low yield indigenous grape varieties on 7.4 ha on the historic slopes of
Irig and Neradin.
The varieties were chosen on the bases of high quality and respect for tradition. We were the ones who brought Furmint and Hárslevelű back to the mountain, and we entered one of the varieties of Kadarka into the Register of Recognised Varieties in the Republic of Serbia.
Apart from those, we also work with Syrmia Green and Pinot noir which became indigenous here as well. Our wines are made naturally, with emphasised terroir and seasonal traits, by spontaneous fermentation without additives and with low utilisation of sulphur. The cellar is 150 km away from the vineyard, in Kanjiža. The winery was founded by one of the most significant choreographers of world renown – our József Nagy (Josef Nadj).
Fruška Gora is an ancient fault rock mountain – it was once an island in the Pannonian sea. It
is geologically very diverse, it consists of shale, marl, limestone, dolomite, sand and
cobblestone, Pannonian clay. In several places it is intersected with magmatic rocks, old
serpentinine and younger riolite, dacite, trachyte, andesite and their tuffs. The youngest
layer is loess. Sporadically high levels of iron provide for a complex acid structure in wines.
The climate of the wine region is moderately continental, but on the southern side of the mountain the temperatures never drop below -16 °C. Annual average temperature is 11.2 °C, while the annual precipitation level ranges between 580 and 730mm. Annual sunshine duration is 2100 hours. Fruška Gora bears the title of the first national park in Serbia since 1960.
Nine Roman emperors, including Probus who was a pioneer in establishing vineyards, were born in Sremska Mitrovica (Syrmium), but the Celts were also known for growing wines in this region. As Lajos Ambrus noted: „Ever since the time of Matthias Bel, it is common knowledge that winemaking spread to the entire Pannonian basin from here”. The kings of the Árpád dynasty populated the vineyards with winegrowers from the French Wallonia on several occasions, and that must have influenced the Slavic name of the mountain - Fruška Gora, that is Frankish mountain.
King Matthias Corvinus’s chronicler Galeotto Marzio noted the following: „I could not be silent about the wines of Syrmia – they are so pleasant that it would be difficult to find them a contestant in the whole wide world”. The first translation of the Bible to Hungarian began in Kamanc. Important and affluent people lived on the wine hill, but the inhabitants of Szeged and Budapest also had vineyards here. This is where the first ranked wine of the Hungarian Empire was produced until the beginning of the XVI century. Customs rates prove that it was at least twice as expensive as the second wine in the row from Somogy. Amidst the danger of Ottoman occupation, the winemakers from Szerém move to Tokaj, that is, the Mecsek-Balaton-Somló line. Welschriesling, Furmint (Szigeti), Hárslevelű, Juhfark are all varieties with good names. Kadarka arrived from here to Ménes, and it became widespread in the Karpathian basin, in Szekszárd, Buda, Eger, primarily with the help of Serbians. The first amphelographic description of varieties is attributed to Prokopije Bolić, archimandrite of the orthodox monastery Rakovac. His book Sovršen Vinodelac (The Perfect Winemaker) was published in Buda in 1816.
The sacral centre of the mountain is Irig. This is where most of the orthodox monasteries can be found, and it is presumed that they were originally established by the Pauline Fathers (Mala i Velika Remeta, Grgeteg…). Other significant settlements are: Petrovaradin – Gibraltar on the Danube/ Ilok – the burial place of John the Capistrano, and it is the home of one of the largest wineries of Croatia/ Sremski Karlovci - which is connected with the perhaps most famous wine speciality of Srem – bermet.
The national park is covered with mixed forests (92,3%): silver linden, sessile oak, Austrian oak, beech, common hornbeam. It is the biggest truffle site in Serbia. Interesting trivia concerning the fauna – there are many birds of prey, so there are very few starlings.